Big 6 Research Strategies

Big 6 Research Strategies


Big6™ Skills Approach was developed by Eisenberg and Berkowitz. The phrases "Big6 Skills" and "Big6 Skills Curriculum" are all copyrights of Michael B. Eisenberg and Robert E. Berkowitz.


Step 1- Task Definition: 

What is my task? (What is the problem

I need to solve or question I need to answer.  What do I

need to know to solve the problem?  What do I know already?


What types of information do I need?




Graphic organizers ;KWL chart





Step 2 - Information-Seeking Strategies:

What are all the possible sources for finding this information?

Which sources are best for me to use?

Graphic organizer-brainstorming, information pathfinders, keywords,

 index and table of contents  web site evaluation form.

Step 3 - Location & Access:

Where will I find these sources? 

Who can help me find the sources?


school (public) library



Library Online Catalog (OPAC)

Step 4 - Use of Information:

How will I record the information I find (take notes? draw pictures?

use audio or video recorders?)


What information in each source is useful


graphic organizers

trash & treasures

note cards

"Keeping Track of Sources" sheet

Step 5 - Synthesis:

How can I organize the information?

How can I present the results?

What product or performance should I use? (written, multimedia, art, music)


Graphic organizers, multimedia equipment, musical performance, painting or poster.

Step 6- Evaluation:

Did I complete the task?

Did I do my best work?